The taking of natural resources from Western Sahara given a continuing forcible occupation and the circumstances of a stalled process for self-determination can only be described as theft. The facts support that allegation. The exploitation of the territory’s two primary resources [phosphates and fish] enriches the Moroccan state, the corporations trading with it, and the European Union as a result of the extended 2007 Fisheries Partnership Agreement (and Russia under its 2010 fisheries agreement). It is widely accepted that the benefits do not reach the Saharawi people, most especially those in the refugee camps at Tindouf. The substantial weight of opinio juris, the uniform refusal of states to recognize Morocco’s sovereignty over Western Sahara, and the earlier cases of non-self-governing peoples’ natural resources make out the failure to satisfy both parts of the “Corell test”. This first stream of international law has been clearly violated.
Lobbyists for foreign clients who register under FARA disclose far more information about what they do to further the interests of their clients than traditional lobbyists, who, under the Lobbyist Disclosure Act of 1995, report to Congress. Under the LDA, lobbyists need only disclose the governmental bodies they contact, and need not specify the number of contacts they have or the dates of those contacts.